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【追思朱显谟】(8)朱显谟师长教员是咱们的良师良朋

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ZHUXIANMOYUANSHISHIWOGUOJINDAINITUKEXUEDEDIANDINGRENZHIYI,DUIWOGUONITUCHANSHENG、FENLEIHENITUZIBENDEGONGDAOCAOZONGZUOCHULEJINGCAIJINXIAN。

TAZUOWEIXINZHONGGUODIYIDAINITUXUEJIA,YUWOGUONITUKEXUEDECHENGLIHESHENGZHANG、NITUXUEJIEDERENCAIPEIYUJIEQIAZAIYILU。20SHIJI50NIANYUECHU,TASHIZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANNANJINGNITUYANTAOSUONITUDIYUYUNITUGAIJINYANTAOSHIDEFUZHUREN,YIQITOUTABIANSHIZANMENDELIANGSHILIANGPENG。JUEHOUGURANLININGQUSHANXI,DANTAXUESHUSHANGDEYINGXIANGYIZHITAOYEZHEZANMEN,SHIZANMENDEYIFEIQIAN。ZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUANGANYUXIANSHI,DOUDANLIYI,YILINGMINDEDONGCHALIFAMINGTIMUHECHULITIMU,BINGYISONGSANDEXUEFENG、JIANCHIBUXIEDEJINGLI,ZAIZHONGGUONITUXUEJIEBIAOXINLIYI。

黄土高原泥土研讨的奠定者

WOGUONITUZIBENFENGSHUO,GONGDAOCAOZONGHEYANHUNITUZIBENYIZHISHIYIGEYANZHONGKETI。ZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUANCHUZHINITUZIBENDECHAXUNBAIFANGYANTAOZHEYANTIANXIA,TASHI《ZHONGGUONITU》(1987)《ZHONGGUONITUTUJI》(1986)DEZUOZHEZHIYI,YESHIZHONGGUONITUTIXIFENLEIZHUANJIAWEIYUANHUIDECHENGYUAN。ZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUANPINGZONGBIANBUTIANXIAGEDI,ZAIHUANAN、XINANHEDONGNANZUOLEDAPIRENWU,DUIHUANGTUGAOYUANDEYANTAOCHENGJIZHUOYUE。TATICHULEHUANGTUJIANGCHENTILI、HUANGTUGOUXINGHEBUJIFENGJIUBUHUANGTUGAOYUANDEKEXUEJIELUN。JIANLILEHEILUTU、LOUTUDENGHUANGTUGAOYUANDUYOUDENITUDIANFAN。TADUIHUANGTUGAOYUANCHIJIUYANTAOGUINAZONGHECHULAIDEDUIYUHESHANZHENGZHIDE“28ZIFANGLVE”SHIKEXUEYANTAOHEDAZHONGCONGMINGDELIANXI,YESHIXIANJINHUANGTUGAOYUANSHUITUJIANCHIDEZHIDIANMUBIAO。

泥土产生学现实固执的摸索者

NITUCHANSHENGXUEZAINITUXUEFANCHOUZHONGJISHIXIANSHI,YOUSHIXIANSHITIMU,YESHIKEXUESHENGZHANGDEQIANYAN。ZAOZAI20SHIJI40NIANYUE,ZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUANJIUTICHULEWOGUOHUANANHONGRANGSHIGUNITU、BAISEFENGHUAQIAODECANLIU,ERBUSHIGUDAISHENGWUTIANQIDIDAIXINGNITUDETIAOXINXINGLUNDIAN,ZHEILEIGAINIANYIBEIYULAIYUDUODERENSUOJIEGUAN,YOUYUBAISEFENGHUAQIAODECUNZAISHIKEGUANXIANSHI。ZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUANYESHIWOGUOZUIZAOQITOUYANTAOYUANSHINITUDEXUEZHE,TASHUOMINGLEYUANSHINITUGOUCHENGDEJIEDUANXING,JIELULEZHISHENGZHANTUKUANGWUDECUNZAI,SHENRULEDUINITUGOUCHENGJINCHENGDESHUXI。20SHIJI50NIANYUEZAIHEILONGJIANGKAOCHASHI,TATICHU“HUIHUATU”ZHONGA2 BINGFEIR2O3 DELINSHICENG,GURANXIANYIBEIZHENGMING,DANNEISHINENGTICHURUXUDETIMUSHISHUNANNENGBAOGUI。

古泥土研讨的开辟者

GUNITUSHIGUQINGKUANGXINXIDEZAITI。HUANGTUZHONGDEGUNITUCHUJIDAO250WANNIANLAIHUANGTUGAOYUANSHENGTAIQIANTIBIANGENGDEJISHI。1954 NIANZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUANCHUCIGONGRANBANFAHUANGTUPOUMIANZHONGDE“HONGCENG”SHIGUNITUDECHANSHU,1958、1959NIANQIANHOUBANFAZHUANWENQIECUOGUNITUPOUMIANTESE、SANBUJIQIGOUCHENGQIANTI,BINGYIWEIHUANGTUGAOYUANDIYUJIANGCHEN、CHENGRANG、CHENGYANSHIHUANGTU—GUNITUGOUCHENGDECHUGEJINCHENG。ZHEIBUZHIZAINITUXUESHANGYOUSHOUYAOYISI,BINGQIEGUNITUZAIGUSHENGTAIQINGKUANGYANTAOZHONGCHANGCHANGBEIKANCHENGGUTIANQIDEDAIYONGMUBIAO。YINGDANGSHUOZHEISHINITUXUEYUDISIJIDIZHIXUEWUJILIANXIDEDIANFAN。LIUDONGSHENGSHIZHANGJIAOYUANSHUODEHAO: “TA(ZHIZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUAN)DUIDISIJIDIZHIHEGUQINGKUANGDEXINSHUXI,YINGDANGSHUOTASHIYIMINGDANGZHIWUKUIDEDISIJIZHUANJIA。”

报酬泥土研讨的前驱

WOGUOSHIYIGECHENJIUDENONGYEGUO,BAOCHOUGANHUAQIANGDUZHIDA、YINGXIANGZHISHEN,TIANXIAHANYOU。ZAOZAIXIZHOUSHIQI,WEIHEGUDI、BALIQINCHUANJIUYOUFACAIDENONGYE。CHIJIUDENONGGENGGOUDANGGOUCHENGLEYIZHONGCHUGEDEBAOCHOUGANHUAXIAGOUCHENGDENITU─LOUTU。20SHIJI50 NIANYUE,ZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUANDUISHANXISHENGSHOUYAONONGGENGNITUCHUGESHILOUTUTINGZHILEYANTAO。20SHIJI60NIANYUEJIANGLOUTUZUOWEIZILIDETULEITICHU,1964NIANNONGYECHUSHUSHECHUSHULEZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUANDE《LOUTU》ZHEIBENZHUANZHU,DUICIZHONGNITUDEGOUCHENG、TESEHEFENLEITINGZHILETIXIYANTAO。ERHOU《ZHONGGUONITU》(1978)HE《ZHONGGUONITUTIXIFENLEI(CHUCIJIHUA)》(1990)DOUJIAYIYUANYONG。ZHEILEIZAIHANGENGSHUHUAJINCHENGXIAGOUCHENGDEBAOCHOUTU,JIUXIANGSHUIGENGSHUHUAQIANTIXIAGOUCHENGDENITU,ZHONGGUOCUIZHEDEYANTAOGONGXIAOZAODAOGUOJITONGYEDEGAODUPINGGU。

ZONGZHI,ZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUANYONGJIUSHIZANMENJINXIUDEDIANFAN。ZANMENBUZHIYAOJINXIUZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUANDEXUESHUCHENGJI,GENGSHOUYAODESHIYAOJINXIUZHUSHIZHANGJIAOYUANDELIYIJINGLI。

(GONGZITONGXIWENMINGNITUDIYUXUEJIA、ZHONGKEYUANNANJINGNITUYANTAOSUOYANTAOYUAN)

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